Bu Wartin






I usually make very fine batik.  If Bimasakti receives an order, then usually Bu Harti, Bu Farid or I do the work.  Making fine batik requires a long time. If I only do it in my spare time, it could take up to one month to finish, but if I work intensively, it could take only one or two weeks, depending on the difficulty of the motif.  It takes much less time to make a rough batik. It may take only three days, but it will be cheaper because the quality is poor.

Before beginning to wax the batik, the cloth must be washed first so that it will be clean. After it is washed, it is beaten with a wooden hammer so that the texture will be soft and the weave smashed together, so that the results will be good.  But currently, this is not often done.

After this is done, then the pattern is drawn. This is done by placing the pattern drawn on a piece of paper underneath the cloth, and tracing the motif on to the cloth.  I follow the pattern, which is just the basic outline.

When the outline is finished, then I add the ornaments. The term for this is pepakan or isen-isen. The process after this is nglowongi, thickening the waxing on the other side of the cloth so that the result of the dyeing process will be good on both sides.

When the nglowongi is done, then the dots (cecek) are added. The cecek adds the details of dotted lines and shapes. The process is fairly complicated because there are many tiny dots, so it requires patience.

After this, the large portions of the cloth that will be one color need to be given a thick coat of wax (tembok). Sometimes, one motif needs to be varied so that the entire piece is not covered with the block of wax, but the background is filled in. The plain blocks are combined with the fillers to form a composition.

After the background is processed, then it will be clear which spaces need still need to be filled.  These spaces can be filled with more details by techniques and shapes, such as cantel, cecek gembel, kembang pacar, gabah sinawur, etc.

At this point, the waxing process is finished and the piece is ready for the dyeing process.

The first dyeing process is called wedel, or basic black. After the cloth is rinsed out and dried, the shapes of the design begin to take form in black and white.

The second dyeing process is not done immediately because the tiny dots need to be reinforced to assure that those portions remain white.  Only after this is the second dye processed, i.e., the brown soga. This is the final dyeing process. After this, the wax is boiled off and the cloth is dried. ***
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